Indoor rose (80 photos): types and features of care
Spectacular and bright indoor rose is not inferior to its garden relatives. She is also rightfully considered the queen of flowers among shelves and window sills. From different varieties you can collect a whole home garden in the apartment, and never repeat. And the best decoration for the interior is difficult to find!
Indoor roses differ from street roses in miniature size - bushes grow 15-20 cm, less often up to 45. Flowers are also smaller, but the form remains the same, classic pink. You can pick up creeping rocks or form a small tree with lanceolate or carved leaves. In the apartments, any low-growing garden varieties or special hybrids are easily grown.
Types of indoor roses
Breeders annually bring out more and more groups of indoor roses. They differ in the shape of buds and colors, including variegated multi-color varieties. There are varieties completely odorless and even without spikes - very convenient for a bedroom or a nursery.
Roses Prima Ballerina
A small bush is densely dotted with large double flowers of a bright pink hue. Prima Ballerina can be grown in the garden, but it is too capricious for outdoor conditions. But at home just right!
Large-flowered varieties are notable for racemic inflorescences atypical for indoor roses. In one such inflorescence there will be several large buds at once, which look almost like ready-made bouquets.
Polyanthus varieties have relatively small flowers - up to 4 cm, but they can be at least ordinary, at least densely doubled. Such indoor roses exude a faint pleasant aroma and bloom for about six months.
This is a separate category of selection varieties based on Floribunda roses specifically for planting in apartments. Among them are smooth and spiked, fragrant and odorless, plain and fringed. There are also unique yellow, green, orange colors - for example, Clementine, Orange Jewel, Hummingbird or Curlers.
German indoor roses resemble hybrid tea varieties. They are resistant to diseases and pests, unpretentious, with large monophonic flowers of bright shades - from red to lavender or yellow.
Rosa Green Ice (Green Ice)
In the early seventies, many other white-green hybrids originated from this variety. Most interesting is that their unopened buds are pink. Flowers are collected in large inflorescences up to five, and even such roses are resistant to spotting and powdery mildew.
Indoor Roses Party
Tiny decorative bushes up to 14 cm are used in interior decoration and for table decoration. For such modest sizes, they have rather large buds. Between events, miniature roses feel great on the windowsill.
Pagode Indoor Roses
These are ampelous varieties with long decaying shoots up to 60 cm. They are densely dotted with large flowers, resistant to diseases and fungus, and also have an unusual, as if apple scent.
Indoor roses Stars and Stripes
The bizarre variety is interesting for its striped petals - it was from him that almost all new striped hybrids came from. As you might guess, they brought him to America in the seventies. In indoor conditions, such roses can bloom continuously.
Caring for a room rose
In fact, this is a rather unpretentious flower that can be grown even quite by accident, if you leave the bouquet in water for a long time. The specifics of caring for indoor roses is no different from any other.
Although the indoor rose loves warmth, from autumn to spring it is better to leave it at a temperature of up to 15 degrees. So in the new season, it will bloom even brighter and more magnificent. If you support year-round flowering, you can not put flowerpots near radiators and heating appliances, and in the summer take them out onto a terrace or open balcony.
A room rose loves light, so it often withers on a table away from windows. But on the windowsill it feels great, but in the midst of summer closer to noon, take care of the partial shade from the blinds or tulle.
When the rose is actively growing and blooming, the ground should be a little damp all the time, but in the dormant period, reduce watering. Indoor roses love spraying and showers, but use warm water. Do not abuse water procedures during flowering, because wet petals are not so beautiful.
A special substrate for roses is ideal, but first let it rest in heat so that it is at room temperature. Home roses love a rather dense soil, so you need a good drainage system so that water does not stagnate.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
From the beginning of spring, use balanced complex additives for flowering plants. For the first time, you need more nitrogen, so that after wintering the rose grows green mass. By the time of budding and until the end of flowering, use phosphorus and potassium.
Transplantation and reproduction
Transplant an adult home rose only when necessary, no more than once every two years. Use the transshipment method, replace the flowerpot with a larger one, fill up the drainage and add new soil. Tapping the pot well so that there are no cavities and voids in the substrate.
To propagate with a sharp secateurs, cut the cuttings at an angle from an adult rose. Choose healthy twigs with 2-3 buds and a couple of leaves. Let them stand a little in boiled water with crushed coal and a root-forming agent. In a couple of weeks, small roots will appear - and the cuttings can be planted in flowerpots.
Like a garden, a room rose can be formed and made into a neat, compact bush. To do this, cut off all the sticking shoots in early spring. Be sure to remove the branches that grow deep, and the old dried shoots, because the buds appear only on the young and healthy.
Pest and Disease Control
If strange leaves appear on leaves of a room rose - most likely it is a fungus. Its distribution is promoted by high humidity, lack of fresh air, heavy soil and too thick crown. Remove all damaged fragments as soon as possible and treat the rose with fungicides.
White plaque on the leaves is a sure sign of powdery mildew, due to which the flower can completely die. If the rose is damaged too much, it is better to cut it to the base, leaving about 5 cm of shoots. But tubercles and dents are a symptom of bacterial cancer, and, unfortunately, it is almost not treated.
When breeding roses, it is almost impossible to avoid the appearance of a spider mite. Young buds suffer from a rose sawfly and cut aphids. Use insecticides, garlic infusion or yarrow infusion for spraying.
Indoor rose - photo
A variety of shapes, shades, sizes and even flowering period make indoor roses the number one flower in interior design. Just look how many there are, and how good they all are!