How to grow avocado from seed at home
Avocado is an unpretentious tree that even in an apartment can grow to the very ceiling. It is problematic to get fruits from him, but his leaves perfectly clean the air in the room. We tell you how easy it is to grow avocados from seed at home!
How to choose an avocado to plant
You need a very ripe fruit, so you have to work hard with a choice. The fact is that avocados are often brought to us immature, and then it will not sprout. The same applies to overripe fruits that have already lost all their properties.
A good ripe avocado is necessarily resilient and outwardly healthy. The pulp bends slightly when pressed, but then returns to its previous form. If it seems as if mashed potatoes are under the peel, such an avocado is definitely not suitable.
How to get a bone?
In order for the seed to sprout, it is important not to damage it while you get it. To do this, carefully cut the avocado with a knife in a circle, but do not cut to the very middle. Turn the halves to the sides so they break apart. Gently remove the remaining pulp with a spoon from the bone, wash it under cool running water and dry it.
How to plant and grow avocados at home
Take a small pot and make holes for water to drain. Fill down small claydite or pebbles, and on it is a layer of fertile soil. Deepen the avocado bone into the ground with a thin end up and sprinkle some more earth on the sides. It should go into the ground about 20 mm - and about a month later you will see the first sprout.
There is an alternative method that all your household members will like to follow. You need to put a bone in a glass of water so that it is about half in it. To hold it, make a few small holes in the widest place and insert toothpicks there.
The sticks will hold the avocado bone canopy over the glass. Do not be alarmed when it bursts in about a month - it is from the gaps that sprouts and roots appear. After the release of the first root 4-5 cm long, the avocado seedling can be transplanted into a pot in loose whipped soil so that two-thirds are on the surface.
Choosing a place for avocado
A young avocado needs a lot of warmth and light, although when it gets stronger, the tree will feel good in the shade. But direct sunlight is harmful to leaves and seedlings. Therefore, choose the western windows or shade it in the afternoon on the eastern or southern. If an avocado becomes slower to grow, and the leaves grow dull, then most likely it lacks light.
Avoid drafts, open windows, window leaves and doors - any sources of cold. The optimum temperature is from 20 degrees and above, but do not take the avocado to fresh air. Due to an unexpected sharp drop, he can lose leaves.
Systematic and intensive watering is a vital need for a growing avocado. But the good news is that you will not have to water it so often so as not to flood the root. Wait until the upper part of the substrate dries, and then wait another 2-3 days.
Avocados hardly tolerate dry air, and spraying leaves directly is also not recommended. Use a humidifier, leave a tray with wet expanded clay nearby, or cover the pallet with moss. You can do with a spray gun, but then spray not on the tree, but around.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
Avocados are not too demanding and do not need regular fertilizer, so in this matter you should not have obvious problems with it.
Since autumn, the tree does not need anything at all, even if you are not going to put it into hibernation. And from spring, once a month, use top dressing for citrus fruits or any other universal complex.
Do I need to cut avocados?
Formative pruning is carried out after wintering - this is an important stage because the avocado grows and stretches quickly. To make it better branch, pinch or cut off each shoot after eight full leaves have blossomed on it. Repeat the procedure by mid-summer, when the young shoots again stretch out to the sun.
How and when to transplant avocados?
At first, the avocado grows very rapidly, so it will have to be transplanted more often. The first transplant into a larger pot will be needed when the tree grows to 15 cm. Then transplant it once a year in the spring, and an adult tree needs it once every 3-4 years or as it grows.
Is it possible to transplant into open ground?
Avocados, which have already gained strength and grown at least 40-45 cm, can be transplanted into open ground. To do this, start gradual hardening in advance - take the flowerpot out onto the street for several hours in the warm time of the day. An avocado is transplanted with transshipment - along with an earthen lump, so there are no secrets here.
If you want to transplant avocados into the garden, choose Mexican varieties that better tolerate the cold. Bear in mind that in the northern latitudes the tree will in any case survive the winter hard. To protect it from frost, you will need not only mulching, but also a full-fledged polycarbonate shelter.
Avocado at home is afraid of the same pests as other indoor plants. Spider mites spoil the leaves, carry a lot of diseases and, if you start the situation, they can destroy all seedlings. To avoid this, regularly inspect the tree and immediately treat it with insecticides!
What is an avocado sick with?
If the leaves of an avocado sharply circled, it is cold for him or he got into a draft. Therefore, first of all, remove it from the window and stabilize the temperature regime. If the tips of the leaves dry out - the fate of watering and increased humidity. If the leaf plates fade, then your avocado does not have enough sunlight.