Anemones (70 photos): types and proper care
Anemones delight gardeners with large flowers of various colors. They look very nice against the background of greenery, stones and other smaller plants. Greek myths say that the anemone is a symbol of the love of Aphrodite and the beautiful Adonis. And you can easily grow such a miracle in your own garden!
The second name of the anemone, better known in our latitudes - anemone, in fact, almost a literal translation of a scientific name. This is probably because large, tender petals are very sensitive to gusts of wind. Large voluminous flowers sway and tremble on thin high peduncles.
Anemones have long stems and a cylindrical or tuberous root system. She well stocks useful substances for lush and long flowering. Large flowers are symmetrical and colorful: from white to blue, yellow or red. Scarlet anemones are often confused with wild poppy.
In nature, anemones grow in forests and on shady lawns, in mountain valleys, by hills, in meadows and even in the tundra. Some species are used in medicine, while others are used exclusively for decorative purposes.
Types of Anemones
In total, there are more than 150 varieties of anemones that bloom at different times. Because of this diversity in varieties, even experienced flower growers are sometimes confused. Now let's talk about the most popular of them!
This is the most common primrose that is found in areas and in the wild. Ordinary anemones have large bell-shaped flowers with wide white, purple, or red petals. The stem height reaches 15 cm, and the thick edge of the petals emphasizes the beauty of the buds.
This is one of the fastest growing varieties, so every year it becomes more and more popular. Oak anemone blooms with beautiful white flowers, but sometimes there are blue, pink and lilac varieties. Terry hybrids with a diameter of up to 3 cm look very impressive on low dense bushes of a dark green hue.
Large flowers up to 5 cm in diameter are collected from many thin petals. There are white, pink, purple and red varieties with multi-colored stamens. The garden anemone does not tolerate frosts well, so for the winter it needs to be especially carefully insulated.
A miniature graceful variety with a height of not more than 10 cm fully corresponds to its name. It does not bloom for long, but it sprouts easily and looks very beautiful. Flowers appear immediately from under the snow simultaneously with leaves, so this is a good seasonal option.
The species got its name for the special structure of the flower, which consists of several layers of petals. Moreover, in diameter they reach 8 cm, so that the crown anemone is a real garden queen in its genus. Stems rarely stretch above 20 cm, although in the warm southern latitudes they can grow up to 40 cm.
This is a wild species, fully adapted to our latitudes. Seeds of buttercup anemone is not so easy to find, but it survives in any conditions and on any soil. Breeders brought varieties with double flowers.
This is a fairly tall bush up to 40 cm with dark saturated leaves. Flower buds are collected in careless loose inflorescences. Japanese anemones are good in a variety of colors and shades, for which gardeners are appreciated.
Another fast-growing and extremely unpretentious plant with delicate creamy flowers. There are yellowish and terry varieties, but in any case, warm petals contrast with neutral dark leaves.
In nature, a bright, spectacular flower is found in almost the entire Northern Hemisphere, right up to the Arctic. Thanks to this, anemones easily adapt to our climate and latitudes. Even inexperienced gardeners will have no problems growing!
The ideal temperature for anemones during flowering is about 15-17 degrees, but at the growth stage - 12-13 degrees. But there are individual subtleties that depend on the variety. For example, winter-hardy hybrids tolerate frosts of -20 - -30 degrees.
Lighting features depend on when a particular variety blooms. Spring anemones are more fond of diffused light and clear weather, but they feel good in partial shade. Autumn needs more sun, and of these, about 5 hours of direct sunlight.
Humidity is one of the main requirements to grow beautiful and healthy anemones. But at the same time they cannot be transfused, otherwise the rhizome will rot. If it rains regularly in spring and summer, reduce the frequency, but in the dry season, water the flower once a week. And be sure to cover the soil with a layer of mulch a couple of centimeters thick.
Soil and fertilizer
Use a nutritious mixture for flowers - and you can do without any nutrition. In the opposite case, when the anemones bloom, be sure to add organic fertilizers to the soil. In autumn, it is worth switching to mineral complex mixtures. Do not forget to regularly loosen the soil and pull out the weeds, but do not damage the delicate rhizome.
Transplantation and reproduction
To properly plant tubers in the ground, you will have to find a growth point for each of them. It must be on top and not covered by ground. Pour wood ash and humus into a hole 15 cm deep, and then lay out the tuber and ram the soil.
Anemones from seeds are grown only by experienced flower growers, because it is long and difficult. Seedlings can be transferred to open ground only in the second year, and the first flowering will come three years later. But if you correctly select and combine varieties, you can create a flower bed that will bloom from early spring to late autumn.
Adult anemone tubers 4-5 years old can be shared during transplantation. Ready-made pieces about 5 cm long planted in loose soil and wait for rooting. They will become fully mature in 2-3 years, and then they will begin to delight you with stable flowering.
In warm latitudes, an anemone can overwinter under a thick layer of spruce branches or leaves. But in the cold, so that the tubers were ready for next year, they will have to be dug up. Remove all the ground part and put them in boxes in the sand or in peat - until the spring they will lie in a cool dark place.
Pest and Disease Control
Anemones are fully adapted to the changing continental climate and northern cold weather. They are almost not susceptible to disease, if you follow the rules of care. Of the pests, the most common is the leaf nematode, which leaves yellow-brown spots on the leaves. It is important here to remove the affected plants in time and replace the soil.
Anemones - photo
Anemones will decorate any garden or flowerbed, they create fancy landscape compositions and magnificent bouquets from them. Look at their beauty!