Gloxinia (65 photos): types and care at home
Indoor gloxinia resembles a mixture of violets with a bell. This is a very beautiful flower that will become a real decoration for your windowsill. Especially good varieties with velvety and double flowers! Now we will tell how they differ and how to care for them!
Gloxinia belongs to the large family of gesneriaceae, which includes chrysotemis, colria, gesneria and streptocarpus. This is a spectacular tropical perennial that came to us from Central and South America. Most often in the natural environment it is found in Brazilian and Peruvian forests, in the mountains of Mexico and in the Andes.
Gloxinia received its unusual name in honor of the physician and botanist from Alsace - Benjamin Gloksin. The second name is synningia, and this is another important name in the history of floriculture. Wilhelm Sinning is a gardener at Boston University who has bred many new varieties and species of flowering plants, including home hybrid gloxinia.
Types of gloxinia
There are relatively few species of gloxinia - about 25 in vivo. But this flower is a long-standing guest of apartments and houses, therefore, breeders have brought out different and bright and colorful subspecies. That's just they work mainly with two main varieties.
The variety is notable for large bright bell flowers of violet, pink and purple colors. Less common are white and blue petals, as well as subspecies with terry petals. On wide oval leaf plates, an expressive relief pattern of veins and a short thick edge are visible.
The name of the species reflects its essence - a tiny shrub reaches only 2-3 cm in height. He has very small velvety leaves up to 1 cm, and on each peduncle one miniature flower blooms. The petals are white below, but towards the top they gradually change color to a deep purple.
Its feature is erect stems and shoots, due to which the flower forms a neat little bush up to 10 cm in height. Flowers reach 7 cm in diameter, and the royal peduncle of gloxinia is longer than most other varieties. A silvery vein pattern appears on the dark, pubescent leaves.
This variety is very similar to royal gloxinia, but more diverse. It has more variations in the colors and shapes of the petals, and the leaves are slightly lighter with a pronounced relief.
The exact name of the speckled gloxinia is Gloxinia perennis or gloxinia perennial. Especially interesting are its leaves, which acquire a reddish tint on the back side. Large fleshy shoots reach 70 cm, and several flowers are collected on them.
For all its decorativeness, caring for gloxinia is not too difficult. A little more attention will be needed during flowering, but at rest it will not cause much trouble.
In the flowering season, gloxinia feels great at ordinary room temperature. But in winter, she definitely needs a coolness of about 10 degrees so that the flower leaves at rest and gain strength before a new growth phase. If the leaves fall down, gloxinia is too cold, and if excessively stretch up - hot.
Gloxinia needs bright light and more free space around, and the minimum length of daylight for its growth is 12 hours. So if you live on the north side, take care of the phytolamp in advance. Be sure to avoid drafts and aggressive direct sunlight.
Watering gloxinia requires well-maintained and ideally filtered room temperature water. Water the pot when the top layer dries up so that the roots do not begin to rot. Reduce the frequency near the end of the flowering period to smoothly transfer the plant to a dormant stage.
Although gloxinia loves moisture, it is impossible to spray and wash it, otherwise the leaves and flowers will begin to deteriorate. So just use a humidifier or place a bowl of water on the windowsill at the flowerpots. For the same reason, experienced gardeners recommend using lower watering during flowering.
The similarity with violets and begonias is manifested in the choice of soil. Feel free to use specialized mixtures for gloxinia specifically for them. Or add to the deciduous soil half as much humus and sand.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
After gloxinia fades, add a little impurity to the soil for growth. After the buds appear, you need ordinary fertilizers for flowering, like violets. If gloxinia lacks nutrients, it can even bloom twice, just a second time - more poorly.
In the active phase, feed the flower every 10-14 days until the middle of August. Necessarily need mixtures with boron, otherwise the buds become smaller, and the leaves become as if frayed, with a cut edge.
Care after flowering
When gloxinia fades, cut off the stem and upper leaves, leaving only the lower layer. Reduce watering and top dressing until the plates turn yellow and dry themselves. In their sinuses there will be new beginnings, of which you need to leave only a couple of the strongest, and cut off everything else to hemp 1-1.5 cm high.
Transplantation and reproduction
The simplest and most effective way of propagating gloxinia is leaf cuttings. And you do not need the largest and most beautiful sheet, but rather a small and inconspicuous one. A large plate will have to be divided into parts parallel to the transverse veins and cut the petiole to 1.5-2 cm.
Leaves do not need to be placed in water - immediately root them in a moist substrate in separate flowerpots. On top, build a small greenhouse or cover the flowers with a plastic bag. Without touching anything for at least 4 weeks - seedlings do not need to be watered or aired separately. After that, gradually transfer them to normal mode and remove the shelter.
Gloxinia is transplanted annually when the bush is withdrawn from dormancy at the end of winter. This is done by transshipment with an earthen lump, so as not to damage the root system. The new flowerpot should be slightly larger than the old in order to renew the drainage and the top layer of the substrate.
Pest and Disease Control
Gloxinia most often suffers from cyclamen and spider mites. These are small pests that are difficult to consider - in large numbers they are more like plaque or a layer of dust. The leaves begin to deform and wrap, and the buds fade. To control parasites, use a solution of insecticides for flowering plants.
Another problem is thrips, which can be detected by the appearance of light dots on the leaves. In this case, in addition to processing, the entire topsoil must be replaced, because it is there that the pest larvae lays.
If brown rot appears on the leaves, damaged areas should be removed immediately and treated with fungicides. It is more difficult with root decay - most often it can be detected when the stem begins to deteriorate. In this case, it is almost impossible to save the flower. Therefore, be sure to watch the watering, do not overflow gloxinia and do not use too cold water.
Gloxinia - photo
Gloxinia is a very colorful flower that can transform and revitalize any room. Just take a look at this photo collection!