Anthurium (75 photos): types and proper care
Looking for a true green friend who will delight with beauty and rich colors during gray autumn and cold winters? All this about anthurium! And even more, because with proper care, it can bloom almost all year round. And we will tell you what varieties are, what to look for and how to care for a new acquisition!
Anthurium is a beautiful and unusual decorative flower that many people know if not by name, then thanks to unusual colors. The homonymous genus has hundreds of species of vines and herbaceous evergreens that came to us from the tropical jungle. There are even rare lithophytes that take root on rocky and rocky rocks.
For the special shape of the large and bright bedspreads in everyday life, the anthurium was called the flamingo flower. Leaves of different varieties are matte and glossy, rounded and heart-shaped, solid and dissected. In dense and humid tropical forests, they unfold towards the sun.
A bright and dense glossy bedspread hides an inflorescence-cob, which is densely filled with small diamond-shaped flowers. Different varieties are notable for their aroma and large fruits, which are formed after pollination.
Types of Anthurium
In the wild, anthurium is found in the tropical regions of South and Central America - there are more than 500 species. At home, adapted hybrids are most often grown, more adapted to our weather and seasonality.
The most popular and widespread variety for landscaping apartments and houses sometimes grows almost to a meter. Andre belongs to those types of anthurium that bloom almost all year round.
Large white, pink, red or even dark burgundy bedspreads stretch to the sun on long peduncles. The leathery tuberous surface gleams in color, and against its background a tall and slightly curved pale ear rises.
Breeders adapted the resident of the thick sheets of Colombia and Guatemala to room conditions. The variety is notable for its dense and very long leaves with brown spots on the back. A pale beige-green bedspread emphasizes bright short inflorescences and the same juicy red fruits.
Black Queen or Black Prince
An unusual decorative variety is a green-leafed home anthurium with a glossy leathery black blanket. First, a dark cherry bud is formed, which gradually darkens over time. It looks even brighter against the background of rather dull leaves and with a bright contrasting ears.
The peculiarity of this decorative variety is the more rounded shape of the flower, but its brightness and duration of flowering remain unchanged. The yellow or reddish cob is slightly twisted in a spiral pattern and extends up to 10 cm. Most often there are white, orange, red and variegated bedspreads with intersperses.
A characteristic feature of Scherzer's anthurium is a shortened stem and long peduncles, which are about half as long as the petioles. The egg-shaped bedspread increases to 15 cm.
This is a relatively new decorative variety, the popularity of which is growing rapidly due to unusual tulip-shaped bedspreads. Particularly interesting is the Fiorino subspecies of a bright purple hue with the same purple ear.
The island variety is used to the monsoon winds and forests of the Antilles. Large leaves with small black dots are collected in voluminous down-to-earth rosettes. The peduncle reaches a length of 80 cm, and a purple cob stands out against the background of a delicate pastel bedspread.
Another amazing variety that is notable for its coverlet, like the Black Queen. Breeders managed to bring out an unusual blue tint due to the introduction of pigments into the root system. When forming, the bud looks greenish, and turns blue with time, but there are several subspecies of bright yellow color.
Refined liana with dissected segmented leaves belongs to decorative leafy varieties. One sheet consists of 5-9 segments and extends up to 15 cm in length. The width of the "fingers" is up to 1.5 cm with an elegant wavy edge. But the flowers of multi-dissected anthurium are not too noticeable.
Anthurium is clear
A medium-sized decorative variety is well suited for an apartment and does not take up as much space as its tall neighbors. Velvety leaves with distinct pronounced veins stretch up to 20 cm. An expressive feature is a strong aroma, but at the same time the covers of the clear-stalked anthurium are completely inconspicuous and unremarkable.
Another leafy decorative variety with large heart-shaped leaf plates of saturated green color. The velvety surface is covered with wide silver streaks, due to which they resemble the texture of crystal glasses and vases. An unusual purple ear on the background of a 10-centimeter bedspread looks interesting.
Anthurium is magnificent
This variety is very similar to crystal, but the leaves are darker emerald shade with a velvet tint. The shape of the plates is more elongated, the edges can be curved and wavy, and the veins are white.
Despite the exotic appearance, caring for anthurium is quite simple. The most serious problem is to withstand optimal humidity and watering conditions. Otherwise, it is enough to protect the flower from the cold and wind, to provide it with access to light and a stable temperature.
A tropical resident adapts well to room conditions, but his ideal temperature is 20-25 degrees. In winter, check that the mark does not fall below 16 degrees. Do not leave the flowerpot in the drafts or directly near heaters or radiators: any sudden changes can lead to its death.
Anthurium loves the sun and in its natural habitat unfolds after it during the day. At the same time, the flower does not tolerate direct rays, so take care that the light is bright, but diffused. In the shade, anthurium grows much worse and blooms less intensely, and in winter needs additional illumination.
Keep in mind that in a natural environment, anthurium is used to an epiphytic or semi-epiphytic lifestyle. It does not need heavy nutrient soil and does not burrow its roots into the ground, but into the top layer of fallen leaves, branches and dry grass.
The substrate is very loose and unstable, so it does not retain water and the rhizome constantly breathes. The denser the soil and the more abundantly you water it, the more difficult it is for anthurium to adapt to such conditions, and this leads to the development of rot.
How poorly tolerates excessive watering, just as much he loves high humidity. It’s best to buy a special moisturizer, but if it’s not there, try to get by with wide trays of water placed around or under the pots. The main thing is that water does not leak into the flowerpot itself.
Any other water source nearby or even wet towels will do. But one spraying is not enough, otherwise you will have to repeat the procedure every few hours. In addition, with intensive spraying, there is a high risk of refilling the ground.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
A beautiful, large anthurium needs to be fed during active growth and development: in spring and summer. May use complex formulations for aroid or orchids twice a month.
Pruning anthurium is optional, but periodically the plant needs to be rejuvenated. During growth, the lower leaves gradually fall, and new ones grow only from above. The flower becomes untidy and ugly, so it is better to cut and root the top.
Planting and reproduction of Anthurium
Anthurium is well propagated by cuttings: to do this, pinch off the upper part of the stem with at least one leaf and aerial roots. It will very quickly harden and take root - and you can plant the sprouts.
Seeds are used less often because it is more difficult to germinate them at home: flowers need to be pollinated manually for several days and wait for the fruit to ripen, which sometimes takes up to a year. Seeds that are too old cannot be used — they simply will not sprout. A new young seedlings are placed for several weeks in a small greenhouse before diving and seedlings.
Transplant anthurium once every 1-2 years as the root system grows. At the same time, you can divide the mother plant into several stems with a root and plant them in different pots. Just handle the plant carefully: its juice is poisonous and can cause irritation.
Pest and Disease Control
Anthurium is notable for its leaves and flowers, so the main problem is the appearance of all kinds of spots. Most often, they indicate inappropriate soil or excessive watering. First lower the soil moisture level and control it with a stick or even a finger.
If this does not help or there are too many spots, you will have to use special chemicals. Complex systemic fungicides that destroy fungus and bacterial infections manifest themselves best. And if the earth is too wet - you have to get a flower with rhizome, dry and transplant it.
Anthurium suffers from drafts and hypothermia - sometimes just forgetting to close the window at night. The first symptoms - the leaves become brown at the petiole and gradually darken completely. A flower tolerates a temperature of 12-15 degrees only with absolutely dry soil.
Of parasites and pests behind succulent leaves, cyclamen and spider mites most often hide. It is difficult to detect them until obvious symptoms appear: new leaves grow weak and pale, and old ones become covered with spots and small punctures. First, wash the leaves by hand, and then use special preparations.
Anthurium - photo
Anthurium is appreciated for its unusualness: a special form of flowers, long flowering and beautiful leaves. Just take a look at these photos - it's hard to find something similar!